Soft Tissue Gingival Graft
There are many types of soft tissue grafts. This type of graft involves taking a small piece of tissue from the surface skin on the roof of the mouth and transplanting it to areas in the mouth that are lacking. This type of graft restores and augments the missing thick keratinized gingiva, but does not result in covering of the exposed root.
Connective Tissue Graft
In this procedure tissue is taken from the undersurface of the palatal tissue (roof of the mouth) via tiny incisions, and is used to not only restore missing thick keratinized gum tissue, but also used to cover exposed roots of the teeth.
Alloderm Graft Is a soft tissue Implant grafting material made from human skin obtained through tissue banks in the United States and is used for regenerating missing thick keratinized gingiva. A gum (gingival) graft is used to replace missing and / or receded gum tissue. Unfortunately associated with every type of recession, there is bone loss due to its location just beneath the gums. Therefore, if the gums have receded, then the bone has receded too. The purpose of gum grafting is to arrest the progression of recession and thereby halt the bone loss as well, by restoring a thick zone of protective tissue around the neck of the tooth / teeth which exhibits an absence of this thick keratinized gum tissue. In certain instances, it is not only possible to restore the missing keratinized (thick / protective) gum tissue, but also to cover the exposed root surface of the tooth / teeth in question. Other issues must be addressed as well, such as the biting forces being placed on the teeth.